Anatomy and physiology of reproductive organ (vulva (Parts of vulva (Mons…
Anatomy and physiology of reproductive organ
the external opening of the vagina or reproductive tract in a female mammal or nematode
is located within the pelvis, anterior to the rectum and posterior to the urinary bladder
Parts of vulva
Mons veneris:is the pad of fatty tissue that covers the pubic bone below the abdomen but above the labia.
Labia majora: are the outer lips of the vulva, pads of fatty tissue that wrap around the vulva from the mons to the perineum.
Labia minora:are the inner lips of the vulva, thin stretches of tissue within the labia majora that fold and protect the vagina, urethra, and clitoris.
It provides entry to, and protection for the uterus, and the right conditions in terms of warmth and moisture that aids in its sexual and reproductive functions.
3 main components
Fascia coverings of the muscles
Levator ani muscles (largest component).
Urinary and faecal continence.The muscle fibres have a sphincter action on the rectum and urethra. They relax to allow urination and defecation.
Resistance to increases in intra-pelvic/abdominal pressure during activities such as coughing or lifting heavy objects:
Support of abdominopelvic viscera (bladder, intestines, uterus etc.) through their tonic contraction.
is a funnel-shaped structure. It attaches to the walls of the lesser pelvis, separating the pelvic cavity from the perineum inferiorly (region which includes the genitalia and anus).
Vagina is a muscular canal (approximately 10 cm long) that serves as the entrance to the reproductive tract. It also serves as the exit from the uterus during menses and childbirth
The vagina is located inside the body, in front of the rectum and behind the bladder
expands to provide a channel for delivery of a newborn from the uterus.
Menstruation – serves as a canal for menstrual fluid and tissue to leave the body.