Anatomy and physiology of reproductive organ (UTERUS (Divisions (Cervix…
Anatomy and physiology of reproductive organ
The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. They're located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterusovaries are the ultimate life-maker for the females.For its physical structure, it has an estimated length of 4 cm and width of 2 cm and is 1.5 cm thick. It appears to be shaped like an almond. It looks pitted, like a raisin, but is grayish white in color
It is located proximal to both sides of the uterus at the lower abdomen.
The ovaries produce, mature, and discharge the egg cells or ova.
Ovarian function is for the maturation and maintenance of the secondary sex characteristics in females.
It also has three divisions: the protective layer of epithelium, the cortex, and the central medulla.
It has an internal and external cervical os, which is the opening into the cervical canal.
The cervix lies halfway above the vagina, and the other half extends into the vagina.
The isthmus is just a short connection between the body and the cervix
This is also the part that expands to accommodate the growing fetus.
It also gives protection for the growing fetus.
Its function is to receive the ovum from the fallopian tube and provide a place for implantation and nourishment.
It is located at the lower pelvis, which is posterior to the bladder and anterior to the rectum
uterus is described as a hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ.
It is a smooth, hollow tunnel that is divided into four parts.
The fallopian tubes serve as the pathway of the egg cells towards the uterus
The interstitial, which is 1 cm in length
The isthmus, which is2 cm in length; the ampulla, which is 5 cm in length
infundibular, which is 2 cm long and shaped like a funnel.