Simple Machines: By Olive H (Wheel and Axle (4 examples of wheels and…
By Olive H
Wheel and Axle
4 examples of wheels and axles
A carousel/merry-go-round is a wheel and axle
A revolving door is a wheel and axle
An electric fan is a wheel and axle
A bike wheel is a wheel and axle
what is a wheel and axle?
A wheel and axle is special because it has an axle. The axle is a rod going though the wheel, allowing the wheel to turn around it. Then whatever is attached to the axle will stay upright while the wheel spins.
4 examples of screws
There is a screw at the bottom of a light bulb
The lid of the petrol tank on a car is a screw
The top of a bottle is a screw
At the end of a hose there is a screw
What is a screw?
A screw is often described as a wedge with ridges called threads. The screw passes through a hole in another object with treads on the inside of the hole that fit together with those of the screw. A screw converts rotational motion into linear motion.
4 examples of levers
Even your arm is a lever!
A crowbar is a lever
A see-saw is a lever
A shovel is a lever
What is a lever?
A lever consists of a beam and a fulcrum. A lever is used to lift or lower objects. There are three types of levers (as shown in the diagram). The mechanical advantage of the lever is the ratio of output force to input force.
4 examples of inclined planes
Wheelchair ramps are inclined planes.
The loading ramp on a truck is an inclined plane
There are inclined planes in skateboard parks.
A slide in a playground is an inclined plane.
What is an inclined plane?
An inclined plane or a ramp is a slope. One end is higher than the other, in an acute angle. Inclined planes are used to move things from a lower point to a higher point, or the opposite. Moving an object up an inclined plane takes the same work but less effort than moving the object straight up.
4 examples of pulleys
Cranes use pulleys to raise and lower the arm
Pulleys are used on ships to raise and lower the sails
Pulleys are used in lifts to raise and lower it.
Window blinds use pulleys to raise or lower the blind
What is a pulley?
A pulley is a contraption used to lift heavy objects. A pulley is a wheel and axle combined with a chord, with a load attached to one end. By pulling down on one end of the rope, you can lift the load on the other end. Pulleys can be combined to multiply the mechanical advantage.
4 examples of wedges
A doorstop is a wedge
A thumb tack is a wedge
Scissors are wedges
A saw is a wedge
What is a wedge?
A wedge is basically two inclined planes, but is used very differently. A wedge can be used to separate things, like an axe. But a wedge can also be used to hold things together, like a nail.