Controlling the Argument: Ch. 3 (After figuring out the goals for you and…
Controlling the Argument: Ch. 3
Purpose: Determines guilt and make out punishment. Blame joins people together or separates them.
Blame = past-tense
"Forensic"= issues of justice, judicial argument
ex. "Who drank all my tea?" Used mostly by lawyer and cops. Think of Law and Order
Purpose:Distinguishes the good and evil, agreement and disapproval.
It categorizes people into groups. Heinrichs describes it as a "tribal identity". It's like a common language but for ideas that are set in society.
Value = Present-tense
"Demonstrative Rhetoric": a speech that deals with values that brings groups of people together
ex. "Should there be more restrictions in the gun buying process?" Used by political leaders
Purpose: Argues about options and helps decide over a common goal considering the circumstances.
The future has no facts. Its called the Orphan Annies Law, she "
your bottom dollar!" she doesn't know if the sun will come up she predicts. We can use facts but it should include more.
Choice is Aristotle's favorite type of rhetoric. It doesn't deal with the good and the bad and always has a payoff at the end.
Choice = the Future
"Deliberative Rhetoric" handles decisions which all depend on the different circumstances.
ex. "Shall we dance?". it prevents arguments from happening again. solves a problem and prevents it.
After figuring out the goals for you and your audience, asked yourself what's the issue.
Aristotle says all issues can be divided into 3 terms: blame, values, choice
The purpose of dividing all issues into three groups is to help you correctly argue
Each of the three issue each have different tense. If the argument is going in the wrong direction switch the tense.
Keep in mind that people don't like to be told what to do, so think about what you want and the most affective way to get there.
Tip: don't debate the undebatablete