Ecological Theories on the Development of Aggressive Behavior (Peer Group,…
Ecological Theories on the Development of Aggressive Behavior
Attitudes about what constitutes aggressive behavior
Availability of support systems.
Restraining socialization forces: fear of consequences, internal pressures
Members may feel that what they are doing is morally required (War).
Peers supply attitudes, motivations, and rationalizations to support antisocial behavior (bullying).
Whether or not an individual succumbs to to group pressure depends on: personality, situation, and number of reference groups to which they belong.
Peer group instability
Attitudes on handling aggressive behavior
Learning Theory: actions are contingent on consequences- behavior that is reinforced will be repeated; behavior that is not reinforced will cease
Information Processing Theory: the way an individual attends to , perceive, interprets, remembers, and acts on events or situations.
Lack of cognitive stiumlation
lack of maternal warmth
exposure to aggressive adult models
harsh parental discipline
maternal aggressive values
family life stressors
mother's lack of social support
Aggressive acts are likely to be rewarded intermittently.
Studies show that watching excessive amounts of violence in the media can increase the tendency to behave aggressively in adults AND children
Whether aggression viewed is rewarded or punished can determine whether or not the observed aggressive act will be imitated