P7-Coun Psy - Q3- Bring out the similarities and differences between…
P7-Coun Psy - Q3- Bring out the similarities and differences between counselling and psychotherapy.
The terms "counselor" and "psychotherapist" are often used interchangeably and have many similarities, but there are some important differences as well.
Technically speaking, "counselor" means "advisor." It involves two people working together to solve a problem. It is a term that is used in conjunction with many types of advice giving. For example, financial planning and spiritual guidance are both types of counseling.
There are many types of counselors, such as marriage and family therapists, grief counselors, addiction and substance abuse counselors, and more.
"Psychotherapy" on the other hand is generally a longer-term treatment that focuses more on gaining insight into chronic physical and emotional problems. Its focus is on the person's thought processes, and how these may be influenced by past events such that they cause problems in the present.
There are several different types of therapy that fall under the general heading of psychotherapy, including approaches such as cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, psychoanalytic psychotherapy, and much more.
Development of a healing, safe, and therapeutic relationship between a therapist and an individual
Effectiveness for a wide range of people, both adults and children
Understanding a person's feelings and behaviors, and addressing issues with the goal of improving a person's life
Focus on present problems and situations
Specific situations or behaviors
Short term therapy (for a period of weeks and up to 6 months)
Action and behavior focused
Guidance, support, and education to help people identify and find their own solutions to current problems
Focus on chronic or recurrent problems
Overall patterns, big picture oriented
Long term therapy, either continuous or intermittent over many years
Feeling and experience focused
May include testing (such as personality, intelligence), talk therapy, other therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy
In-depth focus on internal thoughts/feelings (core issues) leading to personal growth
Prepared by: Srinivas Adapa