Physical Properties and Characteristics of fabrics (Physical properties…
and Characteristics of fabrics
Physical properties of fabrics
Physical properties are the static physical dimensions of textile.
Fiber or filament: type, size, length
Yarn: diameter, twist, weight or size, count, fiber content for mixed yarns, ply.
Fabric width: The length of the filling or course
Finishes: chemicals such as resins, starches, waxes and mechanical effects such as
Woven fabrics: weave type,
Knitted fabric: knit type,
Surface contour: the geometric dimension of the surface plane.
Fabric density: weight per unit of volume.
Colour: Hue, value, and intensity (degree of brilliance)
Aspects to do with aesthetics and concerned with when users handle a textile.
changes of the fabric plane with hand manipulations,
Stretch and recovery
Rough / smooth
the ability to withstand wear, pressure, or damage.
Changes which disintegrate the fabric are durability characteristics.
Youngs modulus (Stiffness)
Resistance to abrasion
Utility / Performance
Aspects to do with being useful and functional in use and concerned with overall comfort
Contribute to physical ease and well being
Sensorial - How it feels on skin (tactility / handle)
Thermal regulation of body
Breathability (air permeability)
Dimensional stability in humidity / temperature