Ecology of the Mass Media (Print Media: How do books and magazines…
Ecology of the Mass Media
Mass Media and Socialization:
Media affects socialization in its influence over values, beliefs, attitudes, and behavior. Media shapes, spreads, and transforms culture in the content and creation of new environments.
Mass media refers to the form of communication in which large audiences quickly receive a given message via an impersonal medium between the sender and receiver.
Chronosystem Influences on Mass Media:
The chronosystem affects mass media in its technological changes including improved quality, ability to record, and capacity for streaming, but also in its content from a greater prevalence of violence, sex, and advertising.
Macrosystem Influences on Mass Media:
Politics, economics, and technology influence mass media in the regulation of ownership, laws passed about regulation of content, and corporate sponsorship of shows.
Mesosystem Influences on Screen Media
Community-Media Linkages: Communities respond to screen media has been to provide more positive alternative programs such as Public Broadcasting Service, Cable and Satellite Television, Recording Devices, and Public Interest Groups.
School Media Linkages: Educational institutions are increasingly using media in their curriculum to teach students. Educational television is a big part in this. It is suggested that educational tv reinforces the lecture material, aids in an understanding of common development of all of the students, enhances discussion, student motivation, and teacher effectiveness.
Peer Group Media Linkages: Media use in peer relations is increasing with social media and lower ages in which student have access to phones and internet. Children talk about media use as a big proponent of how they communicate and build relationships with their peers.
Family Media Linkages: Parental involvement in children's media use is an important factor in healthy development and regulation. Unfortunately, studies have found that this involvement is quite infrequent.
A prevalence and increase of screen viewing means that there is less time devoting to communicating with others and developing strong relationships.
Physical Health & Development:
Children who are watching television have less time to use doing physical activities which can lead to obesity, substance abuse, and other health problems.
Psychological Development & Behavior:
Screen media influences and negatively thwarts our perceptions of reality, leads to more aggressive, hostile, and violent emotions, and changes attitudes.
Cognitive Development and Achievement:
Cognitive development is influenced by varying degrees based on the age and amount of exposure. Screen media has a lot of advertisements that influence our desires and goals. Advertisers use their knowledge of children's development against them to pull them into consumerism.
Moral Development and Values:
Screen media also influences our perceptions of what is right and what is wrong, how we socialize with those around us, and portrays sexuality as glamorized.
As humans, we are programmed to be attentive to our environments. The same trait goes for how and what we pay attention to on the screen. As we age, we pay attention to different aspects.
Affects on Culture:
Screen media affects our culture in its influence over fashion and hair styles, types of music and sports that the people enjoy and are exposed to, changes in sleeping and eating habits, use of leisure time, and communication patterns.
Parents can regulate their children's television viewing by controlling the number of hours of exposure to television, checking and reviewing ratings of the programs their children watch, viewing shows alongside and having discussions about what is being seen, and arranging family activities other than television viewing.
Print Media: How do books and magazines socialize children?
Books are great means whereby children can learn about the more formal language structures. However magazines are less filled with articles as they are ads for consumerism.
Books help advance reading skills in children that are read to and read frequently.
Not only do books provide information and concepts that help build the mind, they also show examples and expand the child's imagination.
Books provide role models, values, teach children how to solve problems, and help them to understand theirs and other's feelings.
Concerns of Print Media
include inability to decipher between fantasy and reality, violence exposure, and stereotyping.
Digital Media & Multimedia
The Internet: It is a pool of information that can often be overwhelming for children's minds. It can also offer easy access to bad content and should be monitored, or even filtered, closely by parents.
Devices and Games: Video game use is also increasing and can expose children to more violence and virtual reality. However, it is difficult to generalize the impact new technologies have on children.
Young people use music as a means to control mood and enhance emotional states. Therefore, it plays a big part in its influence of culture and individuals who partake of it.
Effects of Music Lyrics:
Many have been concerned about the effects of music lyrics, especially as they have been increasingly provocative and suggestive. It has been found that children and adolescents don't fully understand the underlying messages and themes conveyed in some lyrics.