Principle of utility: “That principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever. according to the tendency it appears to have to augment or diminish the
happiness of the party whose interest is in question: or, what is the same thing in other words to promote or to oppose that happiness.” (p.14)
definition of utility: “That property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage,
pleasure, good, or happiness, (all this in the present case comes to the same thing) or (what comes again to the same thing) to prevent the happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness to the party whose interest is considered” (p.
Interest of the individual: A thing is in the interest of the individual when it adds to the sum total of his pleasures and diminishes the sum total of his pains (p.15)'
Actions that follow principle of utility: Any action that augments the happiness of the community more than it diminishes it (p.15)
Government according to principle of utility: A government acts according to the principle of utility when its actions augment the happiness of the community more than it diminishes it (p.15)
Laws of utility: Principle of utility can be taken as a law to hold citizens and governments
Ought, ought not, right, and wrong (p.16) 1. determine if the action is right or wrong, if it is right do it if not don't do it