In the M phase, there are five steps that occur. Firstly, in prophase, the duplicated centrioles now start to move towards the poles of the cell. Microtubules are then formed by the centrioles and these stretch out towards the chromosomes. In prometaphase, the microtubules attach to the chromosomes at their centromeres (these are called kinetochore microtubules) and some microtubules simply span across the cell (called non-kinetochore microtubules). In metaphase, the chromosomes are now in the middle plane of the cell (called the metaphase plate). As they are aligned, in anaphase, the microtubules pull on the chromosomes until they are on the poles of the cell. In telophase, the nuclear membrane and nucleolus, which had disintegrated at the start of mitosis, have now reformed. Finally, cytokinesis takes place and a cleavage furrow forms between the cells that allows them to separate.