Qualitative research (Unit 1. Research Design (Various Accesses …
Unit 1. Research Design
Selection of Scenarios
The ideal scenario for research is one in which the observer gets easy access.
Going to the People
The phenomenologist wants to understand social phenomena from the perspective of the actor.
Participating observers usually gain access to organizations by requesting permission from those responsible.
Access to Public and Quasi-Public Scenarios
Many studies are carried out in public scenarios (parks, government buildings, airports, railway stations, etc.) and semi-public ones (bars, restaurants, pool halls, theater, businesses, etc.).
Access to Private Scenarios
The task that the participant observer must perform in order to gain access to scenarios (houses) and private situations (some activities take place in all one set of scenarios) is analogous to that of the interviewer to locate informants.
During the process of obtaining income in a scenario, detailed field notes must be kept.
Unit 2. Observation Participant in the Field
Establishing rapport with informants is the goal of every field researcher when rapport begins with those people who are being studied, feelings of accomplishment and encouragement are experienced.
Ideally, participating observers develop close and open relationships with all informants.
Entrance to the Field
The participating observers enter the field with the hope of establishing open relationships with the informants.
Establishing and maintaining rapport with informants is an ongoing activity throughout the field research.
Unit 4. Working with the Data
Analysis in Progress
The analysis of data is a process in continuous progress in qualitative research.
Construction of Life History
The life stories and important experiences of a person's life, or some main part of it, in the protagonist's own words.
Development and Verification of Theory
Qualitative research, as well as quantitative studies, can and should be used in order to develop and verify or test propositions about the nature of social life.
Descriptive and Theoretical Studies
All qualitative studies contain rich descriptive data: people's own spoken and written words and observable activities.
Unit 3. In-Depth Interviews
Approach to Informants
In most cases, it is not known how many in-depth interviews will have to be carried out until you actually start talking to the informants.
In large-scale interview projects some researchers use an interview guide to make sure that key issues are explored with a certain number of informants.
Type of Interview
When they hear the word "interview", most people think of a structured research instrument such as opinion activity surveys and questionnaires.
One of the keys to the fruitful interview is the knowledge of when and how to probe, explore, scrutinize.