The EU is not like any other international organisation (The institutional…
The EU is not like any other international organisation
A new legal order
Three pivotal principles
Obligations of the national courts
The role of the court of justice
The Court is thus the supreme interpreter of EU law. Only the Court can declare a EU act void.
Compulsory jurisdiction: Article 344 TFEU
The institutional framework and decision-making
The Union legal acts are adopted jointly by the Council and the EP in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure.
The members of the EP are directly elected since the late ’70.
Article 189 of the Treaty of Rome (EC) (1957) stated “the European Parliament consists of representatives of the peoples of the States brought together in the Community”.
All judges and the Advocates General of the Court of Justice are chosen from persons whose independence is beyond any doubt
ART 223 TFEU
Commission, the engine of European Integration, act in the general interests of the Union. Their members should be completely independent in the performance of their duty.
The general scope of the EU integration project
A level of integration achieved
Principle of Conferral
ART 5 TEU : the limits of Union competences
Costa v Enel
The right to issue coins and banknotes, judicial cooperation in civil matters, border control, immigration, asylum policies, police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters
ART 3 TEU