PRE-ASSESSMENT FOR DIFFERENTIATION (Pre-Assessment: Discovering the…
PRE-ASSESSMENT FOR DIFFERENTIATION
Note: Green (advanced readers), Yellow (on level readers), Red (struggling readers)
Discovering the elements of the story
Give students 5 - 10 minutes to read the short passage and find the character, setting, and plot
5 Students who have limited knowledge about the topic: 3 are struggling with language and are at different level of reading, 2 are having little to no comprehension of the topic
During Literature circles time, pair the student with an advanced reader in Green group. The advanced reader read aloud to the student.
Use visuals (colorful pictures) to explain about characters, settings, and plot. For example:
Break down the activities into one topic at a time: Character, setting, plot
Guided analysis of the book by the teacher/teacher assistant/reading specialist in the Literature Circle Group. Use simple worksheet for each topic taught, for example: Who is the character worksheet.
Guided practice worksheets in the Literature circle group.
Literature Circles: Students in group reading a lower level book, read aloud to each other, and do guided reading with the teacher.
Allow students to use
app to understand difficult words.
Tracking students' learning
Simple worksheets to analyze one topic at a time; for example: Who Is a Character? (Retrieved from:
Interview assessment (University of Wyoming Lab School, 2018) of their drawing or simple worksheets.
Draw what the students understand from the reading: characters, setting, plot. This is also called one-pagers by Fletcher (2019)
12 Students who have some knowledge about the topic, but need to develop higher level of thinking skills
Tracking Students' Learning
Independent worksheet: Story Element Helpers (Students can draw or write)
Observe students role play and then do interview assessment.
Check the story map or the worksheet and have interview assessment with each student.
Use Book Creator program
Read-Pair-Share: Students read the same section of the book, Pair up with a partner to talk about the elements of the story and then share with the whole literary circle group.
For students who struggle in understanding plot: create a story map activity.
Give options in reading the book: read to self, read to a friend, or read in a group. Reading aloud is proven to be beneficial for students. (Short, 2019; Nordquist, 2019)
For students who are struggling in understanding the characters: role play activity
Literary Circles: Students are divided into 2 smaller groups. They read the same grade-level book.
For students who struggle in understanding the setting: draw the setting.
5 Students who answered most, including the most difficult, of the pre-assessment questions correctly
Write your own story with clear characters, settings, and plots. Read it aloud to a partner in the red group. Give a quiz to the partner and check if their answers are correct
Peer tutoring a student in the red group
Partner up with a student in red group and read aloud to that student.
Write a summary of the reading.
Literature Circles: Independent reading. Students may read on-grade level book or upper level book. The book choice can be from the teacher or a choice of the group.
Tracking Students' Learning
Story Elements Form of the book they read or the one they write.
Interview assessment with each student
Read the story they write
Observe the students when they partner up with the red group students
program to write a story.