Normative Ethics and its branches (NORMATIVE ETHICS Screen Shot 2019-06…
Normative Ethics and its branches
We have certain morals and obligations we must follow as human beings
decisions should be made considering those certain morals and obligations
Example: Believing that killing someone is wrong even if it was for self defense
Comes from the Greek "deon" which means duty
They both are branches of Normative Ethics. These branches both expect people to behave based on morals and virtues, and categorize actions as right or wrong depending if poeple acted with their morals and virtues
Deontology is a branch of Normative Ethics, it is the branch that believes that desicions should be taken after considering morals
The branch of ethics that deals with how we should live, actions and their consequences, what we should do, etc.
With this we can know if an action is right or wrong
Assumes that there is a moral code that everyone needs to adhere to
Consequentialism is a branch of Normative Ethics where actions are considered wrong or right depending if the consequence of that action benefited the person making it
There are virtues or character traits that make up a good human being
Plato said there were four cardinal virtues
It emphasizes the virtues or moral character
Examples of virtues: honesty, courage, generosity, fidelity, fairness, control, prudence.
Virtue Ethics is the branch of Normative Ethics that believes decisions should be taken after considering virtues and moral character
They both are branches of Normative Ethics. They are opposite since in consequentialism the action is seen as wrong or right depending on its consequences, but in deontology, the action is seen wrong or right depending the morals and obligations society imposes on us.
The more good consequences an act produces, the better or more right that act is
Wether an act is right or wrong depends only on the results of that act
Acts are considered right or wrong depending on the consequences of that act
Example: If your friend murdered someone and you lied to protect him...
If your lying caused that you and your friends became suspects, then it was a wrong action since the consequence is that now both you and your friend might end up incarcerated.
If your lying caused that your friend was free and seen as not innocent, then it is a right action since the consequence was good
They both are branches of Normative Ethics. They don't relate since in consequentialism virtues are not considered when making an action, instead in virtue ethics, people use virtues to act correctly