Taylor's Scientific Management (Pincipal of Scientific Management ((1…
Taylor's Scientific Management
“Scientific Management consists in knowing what you (i.e. management) want men to do exactly;
Pincipal of Scientific Management
(1.) Replacement of Old Rule of Thumb Method
the adoption of a scientific approach to managerial decision making; and a complete discard of all unscientific approaches
3.Division of Responsibility between Workers and Management
management must be concerned with the planning of work; and workers with the execution of plans.
4.Scientific Selection,Training and Development of Workers
The procedure for selection of workers should be designed scientifically. Management is responsible for the scientific education and training of workers.
2.Harmony Not Discord
Harmony refers to the unity of action; while discord refers to differences in approach.
5.Maximum Output and not Restricted Output
There must be equal division of responsibility between the managers and the workers.
(B) Standardisation and Simplification
The set of
needed to achieve a goal is "
. The knowledge of constructing, obtaining and using
It ensure that to Produce a given quality of the product ,only specific type of raw-material
techniques of doing work, it can proceed at a faster pace and with much greater ease.
(C) Specialisation/Fundamental Foremanship
Under planning Department
to lay down the sequence of Operation and direct the workers to follow the same.
to lay down the exact method of doing the work.
to keep records of time spent by different jobs.
Under Production Department
(i) Gang Boss
to assemble and set up various equipment and tools.
(iii) Repair Boss
ensure regular cleaning,servicing and repair of machines
(ii) Speed Boss
to ensure that machine,run at optimum and desired speed.
(A) Work Study
The main aim of motion study is to find the scheme of least wastage of labour.
Fatigue is the end result of integration of multiple factors such as time awake, time of day, and workload.
subjecting work to systematic, critical scrutiny to make it more effective / efficient.
(D) Scientific Task Planning
What to do?
How to do?
When to do?
By whom to do?
determining the path of production process.
issuing orders and assignments of work.
determining the starting and completion limits of each activity.