FREUD (3 big irrumpers in human knowledge (Darwin (Evolution), Freud…
3 big irrumpers in human knowledge
First Person to interprate DREAMS
"The Interpretation of Dreams"
Freud's father death in 1896 made him study his own feelings and emotions.
"Close the Eyes" dream
Started developing the Oedipus Complex
the complicated feelings of a child towards his or her parents
Central Estimulus to analyse himself and write the book.
scientific thinking about the mind
Freud's analysis of his own dreams and other people's dreams
Try to understand how events from the past influence our behavior
Dreamer's association to the dream
Dreams have a meaning
Considerations of representability
all meanings, including abstract
thoughts, are represented through images
one idea or image may represent several ideas, which
converge on one dream image
incoherence and absurdity
in the dream are eliminated by filling in the gaps for a more logical dream
the importance of an idea shifts from one idea to
Content of dreams
the dream as perceived by the dreamer
Narration of dreamed events
meaning of the dream as revealed by
group of thoughts expressing one or more wishes
We dream because of something...
deal unconsciously with the
problems the conscious mind can't deal with
wishes of which the person
was not conscious
How psychoanalytic ideas help prevent children getting violent
Children are naturally selfish and aggresive
They tend to misbehave for a reason. Ex: being upset.
Talking to them helps them put into words their anger in words
Fisical punishment encoureges violence
It created the thought that violence is OK.
Turns out that this people want to get out of situations of violence with violence
How children develop their superego
Figure of authority
Limits the children`s actions
Then the children internalizes the authority
Transition from external authority to interal authority
Aggresive thoughts towards parents intensifies guilt.
Active in every relationship with the comunity
People are instinctually aggresive and seek self-satisfaction
Culture canalizes aggresion by putting rules
Society is violent as well
Freud wrote about WW1
Brutallity of the human being
Common agreement among civilians
Restrict their personal wishes in favor of the communal
Guilt and empathy for fellow humans.
Between the desires of one individual and the claims of the social group.
Bonding the society toghether
Not the only answer
Concept of "the others"
Being aggresive to the people outside the circle
1 more item...
Selfish and cruel
Canalized by the superego
Society also develops a superego
Based on the leaders personalities
Egoistic urges to satisfy itself
Alturistic urges to help people
Unity among people
Freud wasn´t always a psychoanalist
Anatomist and neurologist
Freud´s book about infantile cerebral paralysis
Irrumped in the theory that each part of th brain is used for a specific task
At that time it was thought there was a specific part of the brain for every function.
Freud stated that large areas of the cortex of the brain
had various functions
"Project for a Scientific Psychology"
Neuroscientific book he never published
Was published many years after he dead
For Freud, memories are continually worked over and
At that time there were no
neurological techniques to study the functioning of brain
He quited neurology and persuited psychoanalisis
His previous studies on neurology helped him develop as a psychologist
His books are deeply related