Freud's Impact in the 21st Century (How psychoanalytic ideas help us…
Freud's Impact in the 21st Century
Importance of dreams
The importance of dreams
exploration of the mind and his development of psychoanalysis
psychoanalysis, psychiatry, and psychology are born
scientific thinking about the mind began
in previous years, the brain was something physical and the mind was something more spiritual
everything from war to a person's most secret fears and hopes.
Development of truer understanding of mental health problems
Dreams were the reason for most of these research
to the unconscious"
we dream for a reason
deal unconsciously with the
problems the conscious mind can't deal with.
dreams are such an unconscious activity they give an almost direct insight into the workings of the unconscious mind
How did Freud discover psychoanalysis?
interested in examining his own thoughts and motivations
he underwent a self-analysis
slips of the
episodes of forgetfulness
he analysed one of his recurrent dreams
How did Freud analyze dreams?
current and past conflicted situations
these memories could still live in the unconscious
they are fueled by the person's wishes
Freud came to understand that anxiety
often resulted from the gratification of a person's wishes
relevance of Freudian theory
Freud described a method of studying what was unknown
he discovered that we all have irrational forces within us, which we are not
fully conscious of and that we cannot consciously control
his two most important discoveries:
an individual's actions, thoughts and feelings are influenced by factors
outside his or her awareness
an individual's childhood experiences have a profound influence on
development and personality
since Freud’s times, the numbers of talking therapies
have increased by many hundreds
psychoanalysis has given a frame of reference for talk
therapy in general enabling therapists to better understand human motivatio
How psychoanalytic ideas help us understand and address problems of
aggression (a current concern)
civilization will only be possible by individual
Violent individuals feel no guilt towards their victims
Freud stated that humans instinctually are aggressive and seek egoistic
Q. How do psychoanalytic ideas about child development help us to prevent the
development of violence in people?
Children suffer selfish and aggressive impulses.
when children are acting in an angry and destructive is always for a reason
Limits to behavior are necessary, but in an atmosphere of understanding, fewer battles
over them are needed.
Q. Is corporal punishment relevant to this discussion?
yes and it encourages violence
often observed that people who are hurt often wish
A parent hitting a child shows the child by
parental example that violence is OK
Freud states that all of our civilization suffer aggression
to solve or controle this we must develop the conciencie( super ego)
Aggression is normally modified in the course of infant development through the
child's love for his mother.
people have to develop the two Freudian tenets of human nature
and society: guilt and empathy for fellow humans