Apartheid (✓ African National Congress (By 1955 groups were gathering to…
✓ What is it & Where did it happen?
System of racial inequality, segregation and discrimination in
that was started after World War II.
Cut the rights of all black citizens so that they were not equal to other citizens in the country.
‘The state of being apart’
✓ 1913 Land Act
Made it against the law for them to work as sharecroppers.
Caused the formation of the organization called the
South African National Congress
The law forced black citizens to live on special reserves
✓ African National Congress
By 1955 groups were gathering to try to bring about equality
Many groups were attacked and killed by the white police officers
By 1952, organized a protest with the South Indian National Congress to burn their ‘passbooks’
Fought against the new laws that outlawed interracial marriages
In 1961,Nelson Mandela was arrested and thrown into prison
Nelson Mandela became the leader
This brought attention to the condition of Apartheid for the rest of the world.
✓ How did people solve it?
People from all over the world began to join the anti-apartheid movement
United Nations General Assembly focused on apartheid and denounced it.
A new constitution was drawn up to give blacks and other racial groups their freedoms back.
Nelson Mandela was released from prison in
and sworn in as President in May,
, the South African government fell to the pressure and began seeking reforms which included getting rid of some of the laws.