EMPLOYEE VOICE, ATTITUDES & BEHAVIOURS OUTSIDE THE WORKPLACE
Community engagement - Opportunities for self-direction and to exercise one's voice likely to increase employee community engagement as if you have a voice you feel you can contribute and be heard.
Affective states - Voice opportunities impact employee emotions (e.g. life dissatisfaction, stress) which in turn influence their level of community engagement. The greater the level of positive emotions experienced, the greater the likelihood that their community engagement will increase.
Cognitive states - Voice opportunities impact employee cognitive states (cynicism, alienation, helplessness) which in turn is likely to make them unwilling to participate within the community.
Behavioural states - voice opportunities impact employee behavioural states, lack of voice may lead to depression and substance abuse which is likely to decrease the likelihood of participation within the community