History of the Teatro di San Carlo (February 1816 to January 1817:…
History of the Teatro di San Carlo
Comissioned by King Charles III of Naples
Charles wanted to provide Naples with a new and larger theatre to replace the old, dilapidated and too-small Teatro San Bartolomeo of 1621
He started the opening exactly on his King´s day. (November 4,1737)
with the performance of the opera Domenico Sarro's Achille in Sciro, which was based on the 1736 libretto by Metastasio which had been set to music that year by Antonio Caldara.
1737: The construction
The new house opera was designed by:
Giovanni Antonio Medrano
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February 1816 to January 1817: Destruction by fire and rebuilding
February 13 1816
A fire broke out during a dress-rehearsal for a ballet performance and quickly spread to destroy the building.
On the orders of King Ferdinand IV, another Bourbon monarch and son of Charles III, who used the services of Antonio Niccolini, Barbaia was able to rebuild the opera house within ten months. .
It was rebuilt as a traditional horseshoe-shaped auditorium with 1,444 seats, and a proscenium, 33.5m wide and 30m high. The stage was 34.5m deep. Niccolini embellished in the inner of the bas-relief depicting "Time and the Hour"
12 January 1817
, the rebuilt theatre was inaugurated with Johann Simon Mayr's Il sogno di Partenope.
the opera house was re-decorated under Niccolini
Late 19th century, post World War II, and 21st century renovations
During World War II the opera house was damaged by bombs.
Peter Francis of the Royal Artillery organized repairs to the damaged foyer and, three weeks later, reopened the building with a musical revue.
By the start of the twenty-first century
the opera house was showing its age with outmoded stage machinery, inadequate visitor facilities, and lack of air conditioning. In response, the Campania regional government funded a €67 million renovation over six months in 2008 and six months in 2009 which included restoration of the décor and the creation of a new rehearsal hall.
The opera house reopened on 27 January 2010 with Mozart's La Clemenza di Tito, the 254th anniversary of the composer's birth: "The renovation work was completed last year under the direction of architect Elisabetta Fabbri and is intended to return Teatro San Carlo to its condition following Antonio Niccolini's rebuilding after the fire of 1816. The project....involved 300 workers day and night