The Shaping of Childcare and Preschool Education in Singapore From…
The Shaping of Childcare and Preschool Education in Singapore From Separatism to Collaboration
To better promote Singles to get married and families to have more children, incentives are still given now. This refers to quality,affordable and convenient healthcare.
Introduced 2 major population policy that led to long-term effects.
"Stop at Two", came with various incentives and decentives. It stretched from the early 60s to the 80s but was eventually called off because it led to an alarming decline of the total fertility rate.
"Three or more, if you can afford it" was introduced in 1987 but was not successful. Till now, Singapore has not achived the critical replacement level.
In the past, there were a low number of Women in the work force
This policy came into place to boost the participation of women in the work force
The government felt that child care services were too expensive to sustain, therefore the MSA countries decided to combine 11 countries under NTUC
This move made childcare service available for all families
Serves as a platform to the poor and malnourished children in the past
Now, it's targeted audience are the low income families, where mothers could place their kids in the school to work to supplement income for their family.
Establishment of the Childcare Centres Acts and Regulation
set the standard and licensing for all childcare centres.
Government subsidy provided helps to make childcare more affordable for the parents. Childcare subsidy is universal and available to all regardless of the income of the family. Childcare fees are also differentiated for mothers who return back to the workforce.
Other financial incentives
Financial incentives has since increased. These incentives were given to encourage couples to have more children insptite of the high costs of raising a child here. The Baby Bonus Scheme in 2001 targeted at the 3rd and 4th child. In the later years, more incentives were given for the 1st and 2nd child which included funds for their children's education
Increased number of childcare providers
Invited private for-profit players to enter the childcare sector and encouraged existing ones to play more significant roles
Rapid expansion of childcare centre
Increase in competitors in the industry including government and private preschool centres. Collaboration between MCD and HDB hastened the expansion of the childcare centres at the void decks of the HDB flats
Came up with efforts to help develop professional pathways for
3-tiered training system
Fundamental course for childcare assistants
Intermediate course for child care teachers
Advanced course for center supervisors
Years later came up with a diploma called Early Childhood Care and Education (training)
Diploma in Leadership training for center supervisors
MCYS created set up the Childcare qualifications Accreditation Committee in 1999 engage ECH professionals to look into the quality training of training and trainers. This later merged with MOE to form Preschool Qualification Accreditation Committee in 2000
Change in image
Custodial care for low-income families and staffed
raising of academic qualification of childcare teachers
raising level of training
increasing public education