Children and Young People Ethics (Principle of parental autonomy (However-…
Children and Young People Ethics
Safeguarding, respecting confidentiality and consent before parent
Best interest to receive advice and treatment without parental knowledge or consent
Likely to suffer physical or mental harm
Cannot be persuaded to tell parents
Under 16 and can receive sexual health treatment and advice if:
Are likely to continue sex with or without treatment
Understand advice and implications
However not always required when serious concerns (abuse, harm)
Is it necessary to prevent harm, and if so, will prevent more harm than it causes. BMA says no atm.
Good for public, bad for autonomy
Could be used for compulsory vaccination if:
: Power over civilian can be exercised against will if it prevents harm to others
Principle of parental autonomy
However- 18 or younger and refuse treatment can go through parents or courts
16- Competence presumed.
Explains why parents can decide on treatments for children
However- This can be overruled (C. Gard, Neon Roberts).
They know their child the most- Best interest
Unless emergency: Treat
If under 16 and competent- consent is sufficient
If parent refuses consent -> Court
If not competent- 1 parent can give consent