Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation (A. Lectures and Objectives ( …
Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation
A. Lectures and Objectives
The Council of Trent (1545-1563) examined how the Catholic Church would reform for the better. It played a vital role in revitalizing the Roman Catholic Church in many parts of Europe.
The Catholic Church formed a new order called the Jesuits led by Ignatius Loyola and emphasized education.
The Catholic Church responded to the Protestant movement with the Counter Reformation.
The baroque art, music, and architecture style was adopted by the Catholic Church to bring out the strong emotions of the Christian faith.
B. Council of Trent
Protestants claimed that the only source and norm for the Christian faith was Holy Scripture
he Council of Trent was called by Paul Ill who was pope from 1534 to 1549 and it first sat in December 1545
was the most important part of movement of the catholic reformation
disbanded in 1563
C. Jesuits and Ignatius Loyola
Ignatius Loyola was born in 1491 into a wealthy noble family
work done by Ignatius Loyola was seen as an important counter to Martin Luther and John Calvin.
The Jesuits were one of the major spearheads of the Counter-Reformation
The Jesuit movement was founded by Ignatius
D. Baroque and the Counter Reformation
famous painters of the Baroque era include Rubens, Caravaggio, and Rembrandt.
The Baroque is a period of artistic style that started around 1600 in Rome , Italy, and spread throughout the majority of Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries
the development of the Baroque style was considered to be closely linked with the Catholic Church
The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music