Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation (B. Council of Trent (The…
Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation
B. Council of Trent
The council was called by pope Paul the third
The pope did not attend the meetings of the Council and he took no formal part in it
Any long term change in the church depended on if the pope was interested
The Council of Trent played an important part in determining the outcome of the Counter-Reformation
A. Lectures and Objectives
The Catholic Church formed a new order called the Jesuits led by Ignatius Loyola and emphasized education.
The baroque art, music, and architecture style was adopted by the Catholic Church to bring out the strong emotions of the Christian faith.
The Council of Trent (1545-1563) examined how the Catholic Church would reform for the better. It played a vital role in revitalizing the Roman Catholic Church in many parts of Europe.
The Catholic Church responded to the Protestant movement with the Counter Reformation.
D. Baroque and the Counter Reformation
The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama
The chiaroscuro technique refers to the interplay between light and dark that was often used in Baroque paintings
The most important factors during the Baroque era were the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation
Baroque is a period of artistic style that started around 1600 in Rome, Italy, and spread throughout the majority of Europe.
C. Jesuits and Ignatius Loyola
Reading the lives of Jesus and the saints made Ignatius happy and aroused desires to do great things. Ignatius realized that these feelings were clues to God’s direction for him.
He wrote the Spiritual Exercises, one of the most influential books on the spiritual life ever written
While in battle he was wounded While recuperating, Ignatius Loyola experienced a conversion
St. Ignatius Loyola was born in 1491 to minor nobility