Ancient Greece Theatre (The Tragic Structure (other important conventions…
Ancient Greece Theatre
Festival (Name of the wine god)
Different purpose in the performing arts of Greece
The Tragic Structure
communicate the story of the play
the underlying moral to the audience.
consists of five essential sections
A monologue or dialogue presenting the tragedy's topic.
The entry of the chorus; using unison chant and dance, they explain what has happened leading up to this point.
This is the main section of the play, where most of the plot occurs.
The chorus often interacts with the actors.
The chorus comments upon the episode to the audience.
The final chorus chant where the moral of the tragedy is discussed.
An episode/stasimon grouping would be added depending on plot needs.
other important conventions in Greek tragedy:
The protagonist (hero) in a Greek tragedy was expected to experience a reversal of fortune and a downfall. While this downfall could result in death, it could also be followed by a catharsis, an emotional cleansing meant to suggest redemption.
tragedy focuses on a great person experiencing a reversal of fortune. This reversal can be from bad to good or from good to bad. The serious tone that characterizes a tragic play.
The tragic form with epic poetry, which later scholars would develop into
the three rules of unity
Place: The setting of the play should be one location
Time:The play should represent the passage of no more than one day
Action: All actions or scenes in the play should contribute directly in some way to the main plot.
The chorus plays a critical role, in such aspects as clarifying the exposition (background), admonishing, warning, or sympathizing with the dilemma of the protagonist, or interacting with and commenting on the plot to the audience.
While the chorus could be comprised of 12 to 15 performers, no more than three actors appeared in a play. The actors were able to perform multiple roles by using different masks, costumes and props.
Violence was never depicted onstage. Rather, actors and chorus would comment upon the act after it had occurred.