Psychological disorder (Schizophrenia 精神分裂症 (Negative symptoms (Lack of…
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
excessive, exaggerated (夸张的) anxiety and worry about everyday life events with no obvious reasons for worry.
occurring more days, for at least six months.
Physical symptoms: fast or pounding heartbeats, headaches, stomach pains, tremors, muscle tension, inability to relax, dizziness, sweating and dry mouth.
Psychological symptoms: excessive worry, irritability, restlessness, difficulty concentrating, mind going blank and sleep disturbances
Most often begins in childhood or adolescence, but can begin in adulthood.
Women > men
Long-term use of benzodiazepines
Short-term use of benzodiazepines
Long-term treatment Antidepressants
Cognitive behaviral therapy
learn to recognize and change thought
patterns and behaviors that lead to anxious feelings.
Panic disorder (恐慌症)
Fear processing in brain
Thalamus: receives sensory inputs and passes information to amygdala (杏仁核)
Amygdala: recognizes sensory inputs is threat; prepares body to response
Sensory cortex: analyzes information from thalamus and gives context to understand what you are seeing. Sends signals to amygdala
If left untreated, panic disorder can lead to agoraphobia, an intense fear of being outside (恐廣症) or in enclosed spaces.
Social anxiety disorder / social phobia (社交恐惧症)
“fractured mind” (changes in mental functions where thoughts and
perception become distorted)
Lack of motivation
Family history; usually polygenic.
exposure to viruses
malnutrition before birth
problems during birth
extreme mood swings
Male and female are equally affected
Commonly first diagnosed when people in their 20.
Symptoms of depression
loss of enjoyment
lack of energy
Symptoms of mania
Lack of inhibitions
Lack of insight
Grandiose delusions (inflated self-esteem)
Chinese food treatment