Disorders of the nose. (Rhinitis. (Pathophysiology. (Acute rhinitis lasts…
Disorders of the nose.
Infection and inflammation of the nasal mucosa.
Acute rhinitis lasts 5- 7 days without treatment.
Bacterial invasion complicate cold.
It causes pneumonia.
It causes bronchitis.
It causes sinusitis.
Nasal discharge is watery at first.
It later becomes mucoid.
Allergic rhinitis occurs as a seasonal disorder.
Headache is pronounced and persistence.
Havea flu injection yearly.
Irritation of conjuctiva.
Infection and inflammation of the paranasalsinuses.
Discoloured nasal discharge.
Numbness of the upper teeth.
Sinusitis develops as a result of upper respiratory infection.
Mucus produced by sinuses is taken through ostia.
In inflammation, there is oedema.
Mucus production is increased.
These block the ostia.
They also impair the ciliary.
The mucus then accumulates the sinus.
Causing the consession.
Then the sinus becomeinfected.
Then the sinus become infected.
Endoscopic sinus surgery.
Fractured nose and deviated nasal septum.
Use ice at time of injury.
Dryness of nasal mucosa.
It separates the nose into 2 chambers.
After trauma, the septumbecome deviated.
Nasal septum is usually straight.
Creating asymmetrical breathing passenger.
Reduction of nasal fractures.
is bleeding from nose.
Anticoagulant medicationProlong bleeding.
Disorders of blood clotting promote bleeding.
Spontaneous epistaxis is commonin elderly.
As their lining becomes dry.
Their mucosa is thin.
Blood pressure tends to be higher.
Elderly are prone to prolonged nose bleed.
Their blood vessels are less able to contrict.
Their blood vessels fail to control the bleeding.
Loss of alertness.
Irrigation with water.
Congenital deformalies of the nose.
Absence of nasal processes causes the condition.
Resulting in fusion of maxillary process.
Absence of medial processes.
Absence of lateral nasal processes.
Maternal drug abuse.