History GCSE THE PEOPLES HEALTH (Medieval Britain 1250-1500 (Living…
THE PEOPLES HEALTH
Government and London
The remains of Roman civilisation had
vanished, leading to worse public health standards
The Thames was too dirty to supply water, so the "Great Conduit" was built.
The City tried to keep streets clean and improve sewage problems
More people were moving to towns instead of
Towns were overcrowded
People lived close together in wooden houses
Diseases spread quickly
Lack of understanding
People didn't realise dirt caused disease, so they didn't clean towns.
Miasma was believed to be the cause of illness
Water and sewage
Rivers were used as both sewage and drinking water
Some towns still had Roman aqueducts, but most either never had them, or they had been ruined.
Cesspits were used.
Houses were also used for business by butchers and barbers. Waste was thrown into the street
The Black Death
Spread of the Black Death
The disease began in Asia and spread to Europe on merchant ships.
People thought it was caused by things like God, Miasma, or humour imbalances
Fleas carried bacteria in their stomachs.
When they bit people, the disease was spread.
The fleas came on rats on merchant ships
Some tried to please God.
Some tried to use sweet-smelling herbs to protect themselves from miasma
Some tried purging, vomiting, and bloodletting to keep the humours balanced
Some tried to run away from those who were infected.
Stopping the Black Death
Some people thought the plague was caught from dead bodies, so some town tried to build cemeteries away from people's homes.
Some towns, such as Gloucester tried to stop anyone outside entering, but it usually didn't work.
Ships were quarantined and had to wait 40 days before unloading in Britain.
Approaches to Public Health
Medicine, Monasteries, and the Church
Early Modern Britain