Cognitive learning strategies (3) Rehearsal (Rehearsal could include…
Cognitive learning strategies
Rehearsal could include underlining or highlighting a piece of text in a rather unreflective or complaisant manner.
It can be used to help students select and attend to information from lists and texts that's important and keeping it active in their working memory. However, this may not reflect a very deep level of processing.
It is the the saying of words aloud as the student reads a piece of text or the recitation of items they are trying to learn.
"Generative note-taking" (Weinstein & Mayer, 1986)
Summarising or paraphrasing information to be learned.
Explaining the ideas in the information to be taught to someone else.
Question asking and answering
This Includes behaviours such as:
Outlining the text or material to be learned
Using a variety of specific techniques for selecting and organising ideas in the material
An example of this would be: Identifying the prose or descriptive structures of texts or sketching a network/ map of the important ideas.
Selecting the main idea from text
All of these Organisational strategies below re shown to result in a more in-depth understanding of the material to be learned (in contrast to rehearsal strategies).
What are cognitive learning strategies?
According to Mdakane (2019) they entail the techniques or plans used by learners. Students use these approaches to make sense between what they already know and the new information they are trying to learn and understand.
Mdakane (2019) maintains that the more connections these students can make between what they are trying to learn and what they already know, the more meaningful the information will be to them and the deeper their level of comprehension and understanding will be.