which crisis in the 1950 was the most dangerous. (hungry 1965 -…
which crisis in the 1950 was the most dangerous.
The Berlin wall 1961
the berlin wall was put up in 1961 because krushachev was annoyed that the west side of Berlin was doing better as it was capitalist, the people were leaving.
it was an embarrassment for the soviet union because there was a mass migration into the west it was a trigger.
there was a even more of a split in there where two diffrent countrys. they wanted to avoid a war. the built 90 miles of was 12 of concreate
there is a brane drain, the people that are talented are moving to the west and the wall stops it.
cuban missile crisis - brinkmentship
USA - ICBMs they had them in Turkey that could reach onto the USSR. the USA stop buying sugar and Cuba gets pushed to the USSR USA and nationalises the US stores Cuba, they also took all the people that had left Cuba to attach the communists of Cuba to form a civl war.
USSR - they had ICBMs in Cuba because they had a communist leader, the USA didnt like it because they could be hit by the missiles. castro is a revolutionary that was the communist leader of Cuba.
13 days, the USA blocked anything from getting in to Cuba so that the USSR couldn't give them weapons.
to solve the problem they both took the missiles out of the country, of Turkey and Cuba.
MAD - mutually assured destruction, after the crisis they set up the Hotline. the use of nuclear weapons was stopped
the sectret letters, Kennedy offers to take the missiles out of Turkey, so it doestnt make him look weak.
they where in the Warsaw pact, they didnt say that they wanted to leave but wanted more freedom, they where very oppressed by the USSR.
the USSR invaded and took back over the country. Stalin ordered purges this included politicians
Prague Springs, the people wanted freedom of speech, radio, TV and newspapers, all where moniters
hungry 1965 - communist saterlight state
they wanted to leave the Warsaw pact, they wanted their own independence as there was desalinisation going on. the Russians were taking the resources and putting them into the army, Hungry also had poor harvests.
Khrusachev saw what was going and sent in troops to take over the city again. sends in the red gards.
Rakosi was the leader of the Hungry and was a good friend of Stalin. they both die and Nagy took over but was to liberal and worry Khrushachev.
Nagy asks the US for help but they refuse. because they were in the middle east.
around 20,000 Hungarians died due to the russian army.
International reaction - economical support given to western country's and hungry were hoping for military support. avoiding nuclear war.
impact on International relations - this has made Khruschachev look powerful and no different to Stalin, makes the USA look bad as they didn't help. damaged relations to superpowers.
1945-53 Stalin 1653-63 khrusachev 1963-73 brezenv
1945-52 Truman 1952-59 Eizenhower 1959-69 kenedy 1969-73 johnson