MORPHOLOGICAL-FUNCTIONAL THEORY (overview (method of analysis (extract…
issues in the discipline
diachronic rather than synchronic
Propp - convenient and enormous service
theme -> chaos
law of transference
origins and not current state
genetic explanations sufficient?
Dundes - comparison
ATU used for research not suitable for
Propp - syntagmatic analysis
empirical, inductive, reproducible
method of analysis
motif separate from theme
before origins, what does it represent?
extract component parts
compare tales according to these
description of tale, relation of these to each other/whole
fairy tale working hypothesis
villainy/lack (A/a) to marriage/denouement (W*/gain)
functions and characters
action - not about character
significance to rest of the plot
stable, constant, independent
number of functions limited
follow single axis
complications with moves
31 possible functions
absence does not change order
7 dramatis personae
not about the people but what they do
archetypes - hero, villain, helper, etc.
names and attributes change, but actions/functions the same
identical actions to different people
study of tale according to functions possible
universals in human folklore
how do cultures work?
application of method to specific tales
application to tales
functions singled out
trace tales with identical functions
belong to one tale-type
create new index
exact structural features
under what conditions a new tale?
clear start and end of 'text'
Propp - some tales won't conform
not defined by functions
widely applicable, not universal
only 'authentic' fairy tales
foreign influence 'corruption'
leads to complications in application
all fairy-tales so similar, single source
psychological rather than geographical
no creation on part of people?
separate out set areas & improvisable elements
text & index
only dealt with structure of text alone
same as before
isolated from social/cultural context
pure structural analysis sterile
no info on how structure is learned