In 1828, Elias Boudinot expresses, on behalf of the Native Americans, that he and his peoples were capable to adapt to the ways of the whites and their Christian faith. Conversely, in 1833, Black Hawk writes upon the ways in which the whites have desecrated lands that they were not entitled do from the spiritual-givers and expresses distrust and disdain for these individuals. In this same year, William Apess uses the common faith of the white people, Christianity, to highlight the hypocrisy of the colonizers who have, and continue to, discriminate against the Native Americans as part of an agenda.
In a fictional account of the conflicts between the Native Americans and whites, James Fennimore Cooper's 1826 tale, The Last of the Mohicans chronicles a friendship between representatives of the two groups, alongside the violent battles that persisted. He asserts in the lines of prose that the Native Americans must assimilate in order to survive the changing landscape of the lands that are called the United States of America.