3.4 - The Second Vatican Council (The Four Constitutions (Lumen Gentium…
3.4 - The Second Vatican Council
The Four Constitutions
Sacrosanctum Concilium (The constitution of the sacred liturgy) - Reform of the liturgy
"Active participation by the Christian people is their right and duty" (Sacrosanctum Concilium 14)
Revision of the lectionary so more of the Bible is used in Mass.
More participation of the laity in the Mass.
Eucharist could be received in both forms
Mass could be celebrated in local language
Lumen Gentium (Dogmatic constitution on the Church) - Beliefs about the Church
"It is the noble duty of pastors to recognise the services and charismatic gifts of the laity" (Lumen Gentium 30)
Emphasis on the importance of laity.
Explanation of the role of Mary
Possibility of salvation for non-Christians and even more non-theists
priesthood of the faithful and universal call to holiness
for all Catholics.
Encouraged Bishops to work together more
Gaudium et Spes (Pastoral constitution on the Church in the Modern World) - Humanity and society
"The joys and hopes, the grief and anguish of the people of our time...and the joys and hopes, the grief and anguish of the followers of Christ as well" (Gaudium et Spes)
Covers, economics, poverty, social justice, culture, science, technology, and ecumenism (unity among Christian denominations).
Reflected on importance of talking with non-believers and other Christians.
Highlighted impact of science and technology.
Dei Verbum (Dogmatic constitution to Divine Revelation) - Scripture
"Jesus perfected revelation by fulfilling it through his whole work of making Himself present" (Dei Verbum 4)
Gospels are particularly important.
The Word of God is not a book, but a person, Jesus.
The Bible is the word of God, written by humans, inspired by the Holy Spirit.
Bible and tradition are equally important.
The nature, history, and importance of the Second Vatican Council
Three Decelerations and nine Decrees (shorter documents answering specific questions
Four Constitutions (the most important, lengthy documents)
Opened: 11 October 1962 by Pope John XXIII
Held at St Peter's Basilica in the Vatican
Closed: 8 December by Pope Paul VI
Vatican II was a large ecumenical council held in the Vatican to discuss teaching and belief in the modern world.
Other changes included guidance on poverty and social justice in the world, and how to work with other Christians and non-believers.
Some of the major changes include the Mass being said in the local language rather than in Latin.