The Reproductive System Julianna Soto Period 2 (disorders of the…
The Reproductive System
Major functions of the reproductive system
to ensure survival of the species
o produce and secrete male sex hormones
discharge sperm within the female reproductive tract
To produce, maintain, and transport sperm
transport the ova to the site of fertilization
produces the female egg cells necessary for reproduction
disorders of the reproductive system (STDs & SYIs)
Genital herpes (HSV)
Events of the female hormonal cycles
starts on the first day of menstruation and ends with ovulation
occurs after ovulation (when your ovaries release an egg) and before your period starts. During this time, the lining of your uterus normally gets thicker to prepare for a possible pregnancy
lasts one day and occurs in the middle of a woman's menstrual cycle, about two weeks before she expects to get her period.
Anatomy of all major male and female reproductive structures
Hormones of the reproductive system and their regulation
treat menstrual periods that have stopped before menopause
can prevent changes in the uterus in women taking estrogen after menopause
can also treat prostate and breast cancer, and prevent osteoporosis.
can treat symptoms caused by menopause or removal of the ovaries
female reproductive organ in which ova or eggs are produced, present in humans and other vertebrates as a pair.
growth hormone;regulates growth, metabolism and body composition.
synthesizes and secretes neurohormones, often called hypothalamic-releasing hormones.
controls certain metabolic processes and other activities of the Autonomic Nervous System
Formation of the gametes
Gametes: cells that fuse together during sexual reproduction to form a new organism
sperm will mature in the male's testes
female, the eggs or ova mature in the female's ovaries
unite they will join their single sets of chromosomes to make a complete set, and then they will be considered diploid cells
DNA or chromosomes are copied, then split into two cells
formed by a type of cell division called meiosis