Physical geography of Southwest Asia (Natural Resources (although there…
Physical geography of Southwest Asia
Mountains and Plateaus
The mountains and plateaus of southwest Asia have been created for over 100 million years. They have been created by the collision of the tectonic plates. This movement has caused earthquakes. Southwest Asia's loftiest mountains rise into the Hindu Kush range which stretches across most of Afghanistan and to the border of Pakistan. As results mountain passes have been important in this area. Theses passes can be served as a trade route.
The deserts cover most of Southwest Asia.
The Arabian desert covers almost covers all of the Arabian peninsula. It is the largest in the region.
The Arabian desert is made up of rocky plateaus gravel covered plains salt crusted flats and the flow of black lava.
In the Southern part on the peninsula lies the largest sand sea in the world.
An Arid Region
There is almost no rain even though they are surrounded by seas and gulfs
Desert areas recieve less than 10 inches of annual rainfall
although there is scarcity of water other resources are found in abundance
the most important sources are oil and natural gas
Petroleum revenues have brought tremendous wealth to few people in the exporting countries.
the gaseous form of petroleum is called natural gas, and the liquid form is called crude oil
Southwest Asia also has a great variety of mineral resources. Large coal deposits.
crude oil is used to produce energy sources such as gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, and industrial fuel
In Afghanistan they found enormous amounts of iron and copper, gold, cobalt and lithium.
bodies of water
Asia has thousands of miles of coastline
In the northeast, the Arabian peninsula is shaped by the Persian Gulf, which is connects by the oceans strategic waterway called the Straight of Hormuz
The Persian Gulf has become very important in world affairs since the middle of the 1900s
Eight of southwest Asia's 15 countries border the Persian Gulf: Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, and Iran.
The Dead Sea lies between Israel and Jordan and is also landlocked, at 1,300 feet below sea level it ranks #1in the world for lowest body of water
Southwest's Asia's two most important rivers are the Tigris and the Euphrates, Which are often considered parts of the same river system