Children's spoken development (Bellugi's theories (Negative…
Children's spoken development
Concrete operational - 7-12 = Egocentric stops and a child becomes more logical
Pre operational stage =2-7. A child learns to speak and becomes more imaginative. This means they begin to symbolically represent their world
Sensorimotor stage - 0-2 = completely egocentric, begin to understand object permanence
He argued children would not learn efficently to certain stages of cognitive development were reached
The core of learning is based on knowledge
Limitations to the nativist theory are things like the fact children make mistakes when speaking and language development is different for every child due to caregiver support and cognitive ability.
Language is best explained as an innate biological ability
Proposed by noam chomsky
Ideas such as children’s resistance to correctness may hamper the strength of this argument.
Poistive and negative reinforcement causes operant conditioing.
Test originally done on rats and pigeons.
Proposed by B.F skinner.
The structuralist theory
Preverbal - cooing, crying, babbling
Post telegraphic- 3 years old. Resemble adults speech
Telegraphic - At age of 2.Includes key content words with the omission of grammatical words.
Two word stage. Around 18 months. Potential meaning is narrowed by the extra word.
Holopharstic - one word stage. Between 12-18 months. Just one word is used in labelling an item.
Jean berko and the wug test
This in some ways suggests universal grammar is a real thing - supporting the nativist theory
A imaginary animal entitled the wug was made. The children were asked questions like what would 2 wug be called (wugs).
children have a more sophisticated idea of morphology then specifically taught
Features of CDS
prosodic features - pitch increase
'e' phoneme - dimunitives
then they'll place it in the right place
they will then place it in the middle of the sentence
Children will first put no in front of things
stage 3- children do this consistently
stage 2- children can recognise the difference between subject and object but not consistently
stage 1 - children use names
Children's written development