1.6 - The Paschal Mystery (What does the Catholic Church teach? (Why did…
1.6 - The Paschal Mystery
Human beings are saved from sins by the whole work of Jesus, but especially by the Paschal Mystery.
The Paschal Mystery is the Passion, death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus
The Paschal Mystery and Salvation
The Paschal mystery refers to the following events which can be found in Luke 23-24:
Jesus' death on the cross
Jesus' resurrection (rinsing from the dead in a transformed body)
Jesus' Passion (armrest, trial, and, suffering)
Jesus' ascension (the moment the resurrected Jesus is take up to heaven)
Paschal is the Hebrew name for Passover (the Jewish celebration of the Israelites being led to freedom by Moses). There are similarities between the Old Testament account of Moses and the New Testament accounts of Jesus.
Redemption, Justification, and Redemptive Efficacy
Only just people can enter into a relationship with God.
How does the Paschal Mystery bring about human salvation? It saves humans from eternal death and separation from God. The Passion and death of Jesus allowed the redemption of humanity.
Jesus' life was redeemed for the freedom from sin for all humans.
What does the Catholic Church teach?
Jesus' life, death, resurrection, and ascension are all important in helping both early Christians and Christians today understand exactly who Jesus was. Most followers of Jesus did not realise at the time he was the Son of God.
Why did the 'Word become flesh'?
To know God's love (CCC 458)
To model holiness (CCC 459)
To save (CCC 457)
To share the grace of God (2 Peter 1:4)
Why did Jesus die?
To show how to respond to cruelty: 'Father, forgive them' (Luke 23:34)
Jesus erased the sins of the world with God's mercy - God himself died on the cross.
Why is the resurrection so important?
It proved that Jesus is God - God can conquer death.
It is a present event - 'I am with you always' (Matthew 28:20)
It is the foundation of the Church.
What does the ascension mean?
It prepares the way for humans to follow Jesus to heaven.
It was the 'letting go' of Jesus, ready for the arrival of the Holy Spirit and Pentecost.