INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY. (SANDHIA MOHAN) (BPS C7) (VIEWPOINT…
INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY. (SANDHIA MOHAN) (BPS C7)
WHAT IS HEALTH
-POSITIVE STATE OF PHYSICAL,MENTAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING.
-NOT SIMPLY THE ABSENCE OF INJURY OR DISEASE
TYPES OF DISEASES
: RESULT FROM MALNUTRITION
CAUSED BY HARMFUL MATTER OR MICROORGANISMS
: DEGENERATIVE ILLNESS
VIEWPOINT FROM HISTORY
people thousands year ago believed that physical and mental illness were caused by mythical forces
ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME
: Hippocrates proposed the humoral theory of illness, in which four humours were believed to exist in cycles according to seasons
THE MIDDLE AGES
: People thought the cause of illness was influenced by the religious power during that time and the belief in demons became strong again.
THE RENAISSANCE AND AFTER
: french philosopher Ren'e Descartes regarded the mind and body as seperate entities, in which he considered body as machine and mind and body can communicate through the pineal.
INDIVIDUAL PERSPECTIVE ON HEALTH
LIFESTYLE AND ILLNESS
: occurance of infectious disease < preventive measure
PERSONALITY AND ILLNESS
: A persons cognitive, affective or behavioral tendencies that are fairly stable across time and situations
CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE IN HEALTH
SOCIOCULTURAL DIFFERENCE IN HEALTH
: Involving or relating to social and cultural factors like ethnic and income variations across nation. for example rates of lungs and colon cancer are high for Western Pacific nations compared to Eastern Mediterranean nations
BELIEF AND BEHAVIOR
: people in technologies society reject evil illness idea but some people in less developed country still hold a believe in witch doctor or shamans to cure illness
LIFESPAN PERSPECTIVE ON HEALTH
lifespan perspective on health
: the kind of illness people have tend to change with age. Compared to older people, children are less likely to restrictions in an activity from chronic diseases.
THE BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE
: believed that all three factors affect and are affected by the persond health
THE ROLE OF BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
: Include the genetic material and processes by which we inherit characteristics from parents, also including functions and structure of the person physiology
THE ROLE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS
: Behavior and mental process are the focus of psychology and it involve cognition, emotion and motivation
THE ROLE OF SOCIAL FACTORS
: We have relationships with individual people , family member , friend or an acquaintance with group, and as we interact we affect them and vice versa.