Introduction: Anglo-Irish Relations 1170-1922 (Key Dates (1829 (Roman…
Introduction: Anglo-Irish Relations 1170-1922
Henry VII declared himself the king of Ireland by a Royal Proclamation enacted the following year
'Plantation of Ulster'
Battle of the Boyne
Irish parliament achieved legislative independence
Society of the United Irishmen Founded
The Act of Union replaced the constitutional settlement enacted by Henry VIII
Roman Catholic Emancipation act
The Great 'Potato Famine' Resulted in around a million deaths; perhaps as many as two million people emigrated from ireland
Gladstone's First Home Rule Bill; rejected by the commons
Second Home Rule bill: Rejected by the Lords
A third attempt at Home Rule provoked a Crisis as Ulster resisted more
First world war (Ended in 1918)
The Ester Rebellion leaders Declared an independent Irtish Republic. The attempt failed and the Leaders were executed
How and Why did England Come to Dominate Ireland
The Todors had commited to a strong, centralising monachy and were determind to impose their rule on Ireland. In Return for the irish lords accfeptance of Henry VIII they got English rtitels in Ireland Keeping there land. Elizabeth 1 finished off the conquest of Ireland in her reign taking over the parts of Irland that refused to submit and changed the Religion to Protostancte creating the Protostant Asendancy
James the First made and he was an avoued catholic. Irish thaught this could lead to the overhtrowing of Cronwells anti - Catholic policies but due to the strong Protosatante majority in both the Irish and British Government this Failed. James attempted to invade Ireeland in 1690 after being overthrown by William of Orange but lost ant the battle of the Boyne
The Protostqante Acendancy: Due to Crownwellian laws The protastance who were members of the Anglican Church of Ireland had authority over the Land and were the wealthy eleit thus meaning that they had more control in power.
How did the Irish Question Emerge adn what lead to the Anglo Ireland Treaty
Act of Union in 1800 abloished the Stqatus of Ireland as a seperate Kingdom and fourced it to join Great Brittain
It did not come with Catholic Emancipation which upset the Catholics after they were promised it if they supported the bill
In the 1820s a young Layer called Danial O'Connel Forced the british to Keep to their deel passing catholic emancipation in 1829
1842: ; I want every Irishman to be convonced of this truth, that there is nothing worth looking for, save the power of govening ourself.
In the 1840's O'connle started a repeal campaign in an attempt to caude home Rule- Peel stoped this by 'Killing repeal with Kindness'
Great Famin in Ireland caused over a million deaths and over two million to leave Ireland
Liberal Party Leader gladstone tryed to start a period of Home Rule in Ireland but it failed twice.
Gladstone concerednd about the problems of Relidgion and land in Ireland
Irish Church act of 1869 disendowned the churhch of Ireland removing its Status in Ireland
by 1885 Gladstone was convinced that his program of Reform had failed
Ulster Resisted home rule becuase it was majority Protostante and some counties like belfast were Industrialised, somthing not seen in the rest of Ireland and was of Global importance to ship building
1905 was the Great contituational crisis which resulted in two general elections in 1910 meaning that the Government relied on Ireland for there majority.
the 1911 Parlement reform act ment thqat the Lords could only hold up a bil for two years and not stop it,