“There are many forms of parental participation, but the type that was most desirable were teacher-sanctioned volunteer opportunities coordinated by room parents. When I spoke with Mr. Marks’s room parents, When I spoke with Mr. Marks’s room parents, two white stay-at-home mothers, they informed me that his classroom had high rates of parental participation. The room parents used an email list to relay information to parents and coordinate visits to the classroom. The school did not produce the list; instead it was created at the year’s first open house, where attendees provided their email addresses. This contact list served as the master list for engaging parents in school functions and related opportunities. When I queried the room parents about its comprehensiveness, they informed me that most families were listed, but when I saw a copy of the list, I noted that Ms. Martin and several other black families, with the notable exception of the Towleses, were not listed. When I mentioned this to one room parent, she replied that she would rectify the issue” (Lewis-McCoy 2014 p.77-78).