Eisenhower & Foreign Policy (Kitchen Debate (It was a debate between …
Eisenhower & Foreign Policy
Suez Crisis started on October 29, 1956 when Israeli forces invaded Egypt, because they had nationalized the Suez Canal
Canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea
Enables a more direct route for shipping between Europe and Asia
French and British troops joined the Israelis, which nearly brought the Soviet Union to the conflict
Coup in Guatemala
Codenamed operation PBSUCCESS
Established the military dictatorship of Carlos Castillo Armas
Covert operation conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency(CIA)
Influenced by the power of the United Fruit Company, which had established a monopoly in Guatemala
Plan to overthrow president Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán
Guatemala took its case to the UN Security Council and received support from Britain, France, and the Soviet Union.
The UFC had the monopoly of banana and coffee trade in Guatemala.
It was a debate between the leaders from the U.S. and the USSR about communism and capitalism.
Nobody won it
One of the most famous episodes of the Cold War.
Soda Pop Navy
There was no winner, the closest to winning was the US media.
Occurred during the opening ceremony of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, between Richard Nixon (US Vice President and Nikita Khrushchev (Soviet leader)
July 24, 1959
In the late 1958, the Soviet Union and the U.S agreed to set up exhibitions in each other's nation as part of their new emphasis on cultural exchanges
Soviet nuclear capabilities were not as advanced as they were claimed by the Soviet leader.
A U.S spy got caught by the USSR while he was sent on a spy mission through a plane.
The pilot, Francis Gary Powers, parachuted safely and was captured
The Soviets were aware of the reconnaissance flights, because they could spot the spy planes on radar.
Francis Gary Powers was sentenced to 10 years but he was free after 2 years and worked as a helicopter pilot for a TV station.
curiosity: the 2015 "Bridge of Spies" movie by Steven Spielberg portrays this incident
Taiwan Strait Crisis
Started on On August 23, 1958, when the Communist forces began to bombard Quemoy.
The crisis ended with a ceasefire on 06/10.