David Abwender and Kenyatta Hough (2001) considered a number of factors on jury decision making, including physical attractiveness. Their aim was to investigate the Attractiveness Leniency Hypothesis (ALE), that attractive defendants are treated more favourably by juries than less attractive ones. However, the researchers also wanted to examine whether this effect was dependent on the sex of the jurors. There were 207 participants in the study of which 129 were women, and 78 were men. All participants were asked to judge the guilt of, and recommend sentence for, the imaginary case of a drunk driver who drove recklessly and killed a pedestrian. Abwender and Hough found that female participants were more lenient towards an attractive female defendant, and less lenient towards an unattractive defendant. Male participants displayed the opposite tendency.