Accuracy of eyewitness testimony: Misleading Information (Conclusion (,…
Accuracy of eyewitness testimony: Misleading Information
EWT in real-life
This is especially the case when children are being interviewed for a crime
Each type an eyewitness is interviewed there is a possibility that comments from the interviewer will become incorporated into their recollection of events. It is also the cause that an interviewer may use leading questions and thus alter the individual's memory fro events.
Ppts were told to discuss about videos that were shown and 71% mistakenly discussed the event when asked about it
Experiment 2: procedure
:fire: yes - smashed: 16, no - smashed: 34, yes - hit: 7, no - hit - 43, yes - control: 6, no - control: 44
New sets of ppts were divided into 3 other groups and a different car accident was shown and asked about speed but now was asked about whether any glass was seen
Ppts response or may actually cause information to be altered before it is stored
:fire: smashed: 40.8, collided: 39.3, bumped: 38.1, hit- 34.0, contacted: 31.8
Experiment 1: procedure
The students were given questionnaires and were given different verbs to describe the event
45 students were shown 7 films of different traffic accidents.
Post-event discussion- a conversation between co-witnesses or an interviewer and an eyewitness after a crime has taken place which may contaminate a witness' memory for a event
Misleading information- supplying information that may lead a witness' memory for a crime to be altered.
Leading question- a question that, either by its form or content, suggests to the witness what answer is desired answer.
Eyewitness testimony- the evidence provided in court by a person who witnessed a crime, with a view identifying the perpetrator of the crime