Types of long-term memory (Evaluation (, Evidence from patients with brain…
Types of long-term memory
Evidence from patients with brain damage
Distinguishing episodic and semantic memories
Distinguishing procedural and declarative memories
Evidence from brain scans
Description of different types of long-term memory
Acquired through repetition and practice
Concerned with skills
Semantic memories generally begin as episodic memories because we acquire knowledge based on personal experience
Semantic memories is about the knowledge about the world which is shared by everyone rather than personal memories.
The three elements: specific details of the event, the context and the emotion
The context surrounding the event such as what happened just before or after, or why you were there.
Episodic memory- personal memories of events, such as what you did yesterday or a teacher you liked. This kind of memory includes contextual details plus emotional tone.
Procedural memory- memory for how to things, for example riding bicycle or learning hoe to read. Such memories are automatic as the result of repeated practice.
Semantic memory- shared memories for facts and knowledge. This memories may be concrete such as knowing that ice is made of water, or abstract, such as mathematical knowledge.