INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY NURNABILAH MISMAN 2061161010 :<3:…
INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
NURNABILAH MISMAN 2061161010 :<3:
The role of social factors
The role of psychological factors
The role of biological factors
Health and illness characteristics vary for every development.
For instance, the kinds of illnesses people have tend to change with age
involving or relating to social and cultural factors like ethnic and income variations across nations.
1)Lifestyle and illness
2)Personality and illness
The Renaissance and After
Descartes regarded the mind and body as separate entities
3 IMPORTANT INNOVATIONS
1) He considered the body as a machine and described the mechanics of how action and sensation occurred.
2) He proposed that the mind and body, although separate, could communicate through the pineal gland, an organ in the brain
3) He believed that animals have no soul and that the soul in humans leaves the body at death
The Middle Ages
Sickness was seen as God’s punishment for doing evil things
Ancient Greece and Rome
proposed a humoral theory of illness
physical and mental illness were caused by mystical forces, such as evil spirits.
TYPES OF DISEASE
1) Dietary Disease
: results from malnutrition
2) Infectious Disease
: acute illness caused by harmful matter or microorganisms (viruses or bacteria)
3) Chronic Disease
: degenerative illness (heart disease, cancer and stroke) that develop over long period of time.
WHAT IS HEALTH
Positive state of physical, mental and social well being. Not simply the absence of injury or disease- that varies over time along a continuum.