Water Pollution (Types of water pollution (Surface water includes natural…
Types of water pollution
Surface water includes natural water found on the earth's surface, like rivers, lakes, lagoons and oceans. Hazardous substances coming into contact with this surface water, dissolving or mixing physically with the water can be called surface water pollution.
Chemical Water Pollution
Ground water pollution
Surface water pollution
Ground water -When humans apply pesticides and chemicals to soils, they are washed deep into the ground by rain water. This gets to underground water, causing pollution underground.
Chemical Water Pollution-Many industries and farmers work with chemicals that end up in water. These include chemicals that are used to control weeds, insects and pests. Metals and solvents from industries can pollute water bodies.
Water Pollution-change in water quality that can harm organisms or make water unfit for human use, contamination of chemicals, excessive heat
The effects of water pollution are varied and depend on what chemicals are dumped and in which locations. The effects can be catastrophic, depending on the kind of chemicals, concentrations of the pollutants and where there are polluted.
The number one leading cause of water pollution is:Agriculture activities which comes from sediment eroded from land, fertilizers and pesticides, bacteria from livestock and food processing wastes, salt from irrigation
the fourth cause of water pollution is plastics-huge islands of plastics contaminating the waters
the third cause of water pollution is-Mining, which creates water erosion and heavy metals exposed to surface water that is toxic
the second cause of water pollution is-Industrial facilities that form from inorganic and organic compounds, also chemicals, and heated water being dumped into water
Point Sources of Pollution-located at specific places, easy to identify, monitor, and regulate, they are found at underground mines and factories
Infectious diseases that come from polluted waters come from-human waste, animal waste, which are pathogens found in the guts of the species
Non-point Sources of Pollution-broad, diffuse areas, difficult to identify, expensive to clean up, hard to control, they usually come from run off from many different things such as parking lots, rivers, surface water, sediment
Impaired Water-section 303 (d) of the clean water act requires states to develop lists of impaired waters,those that do not meet water quality standards that states have set for them
Total Maximan Daily Load
the low requires that states establish priority rankings for impacted water nd develop total maximum daily books (TMDLs) for them
-a TMDL specifies to the maxium amount of a pollutant that a body of water can receive and still meet water quality standards
Each year there are about 250 million cases of water-based diseases, resulting in roughly 5 to 10 million deaths.
Water pollution is the second most imperative environmental concern along with air pollution.