CHINESE GREAT LEAP FORWARD (TOPIC 2 : (8- Lushan Conference July 1959, 1…
CHINESE GREAT LEAP FORWARD
1- it was an economic and social campaign by the communist party of china from 1958 to 1962. chief changes in the lives of rural Chinese included the incremental introduction of mandatory agricultural collectivization.
2- the goal of it is to change China from an agrarian economy into a modern society .
Topic 5(the great leap forward failure):
1- Farmers lack the technique(adding fertilization and watering to plant),lead to famine
2-stating un realistic targets lead to famine
3-government published fake targets to cover up the losses
4- the news of famine was not published and peasants were not allowed to leave their areas so no one can know their secret of not producing
The GLF failed because of its technique. 1st reason: was overwatering the plants.
2nd reason: was that people were setting unrealistic targets which they couldn't achieve.
3rd reason was the government was faking the targets. 4th reason: was they were censoring the news.
TOPIC 2 :
1- Mao visits Moscow
2- Beginning of the Great Leap Forward
December 1957 - August 1958
3- Opposition within the party silenced
December 1957 - May 1958
4- Introduction of communes
June 1958 - August 1958
5- Famine spreads
November 1958 - February 1959
6- Shanghai Conference
7- Campaign of repression
June 1959 - August 1960
8- Lushan Conference
9- Removal of Soviet advisers
10- Weakened power of communes
11- Catastrophe report
December 1960 - March 1961
12- Retreat from the Great Leap Forward
March 1961 - May 1961
13- Consequences discussed
June 1961 - August 1961
14- End of the Great Leap Forward
It sought to rid China of old ways, and create a society where peasants physical labor were the ideal. Moa aimed to purge the country of "impure" elements and revive the revolutionary spirit. It resulted in the death of 1 and a half million people.
1- Mao Zedong was born December 26.1893 and died in Sep.9.1976
2- Mao was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founder of the people's republic of china.
Topic 6(great leap forward affects):
Famine spread throughout rural China
-the failure led to criticism of Mao by many people,including Soviet leaders.
1- increase industry and agricultural
2- to have plan instead of the 5 years plan