Research in Social Work (Procedure for Selecting Stats ( Identify the…
Research in Social Work
Phases of Research Process
Formulate Problem 2. Design Study 3. Collect Data 4. Process Data 5. Analyze Data 6. Interpret Findings 7. Share results
Formulating a Good Question
Is it? Narrow and Specific, feasible, answerable through observable evidence, relevant, significant to the field
Kinds of Studies
early study, exploration of the topic, gather a lot of data to begin to understand the topic
more specifics, can follow exploratory study, after we explore we want to understand in greater depth
explaining the "why"
SW's use this the most, relies on experiments
How it can be measured, ask questions and measure severity
has a true 0
Abstracts in Research Papers
ALWAYS WRITTEN LAST
most important paragraph in the essay; it will influence a reader deciding to read the essay or not
needs to be a good summary, accurate, concise, readable and nonevaluative
Structure: objective: methods: results: conclusions:
Systematic error: social desirability bias
Random error: jargon; cumbersome and complex. An example would be the MMPI
Consider the reliability and validity
Systematic Random Samping
Non Probability Sampling
deviant case sampling
does not equal correlation!
External Validity: Ability to generalize your findings
Internal Validity: Confidence that IV caused change to DV
Single Subject Design
The goal is to test intervention without a control group, focusing on a single person or family
Best way: Start with Baseline, add intervention, and end with baseline.
DV needs to be well defined and something that ideally can be measured daily
Procedure for Selecting Stats
What questions do I want to address?
Find the scales and variables that will give me the answer
Identify the nature of the variables
IV or DV? What are they and how many of each?
Draw diagrams for the questions
Parametric or non-parametric?
non: not normal, parametric: normal distribution
Choose your test
Kinds of Analysis
Emic: I'm apart of a group, but the group doesn't know I'm researching
Etic: remain objective, approach situation as an outsider/researcher
Steps: Pick paradigm and Theory and then could use any of the following: case study, life history, interviews, focus groups, observations
Examples of theories: Erickson, Life Course, Cognitive, Labeling, Behaviorism, Frued etc etc
Examples of paradigms: Feminist, Critical theory, moral activism, queer theory, grounded theory, phenomenology, cultural studies, ethnography etc etc
method of gathering data through subjective observations rather than numbers
Objective observations, reliability on numbers, controlled manipulation
Data I didn't personally collect
Latent: what is meant, the context , emotions and motivation behind data
Manifest: what was said, objective, categories
Be Aware** Secondary data can leave out context which is important to qualitative data.
Type of qualitative data.