Research in Social Work (Procedure for Selecting Stats ( Parametric or…
Research in Social Work
Type of qualitative data.
Be Aware** Secondary data can leave out context which is important to qualitative data.
Manifest: what was said, objective, categories
Latent: what is meant, the context , emotions and motivation behind data
Data I didn't personally collect
Objective observations, reliability on numbers, controlled manipulation
method of gathering data through subjective observations rather than numbers
Examples of paradigms: Feminist, Critical theory, moral activism, queer theory, grounded theory, phenomenology, cultural studies, ethnography etc etc
Examples of theories: Erickson, Life Course, Cognitive, Labeling, Behaviorism, Frued etc etc
Steps: Pick paradigm and Theory and then could use any of the following: case study, life history, interviews, focus groups, observations
Kinds of Analysis
Etic: remain objective, approach situation as an outsider/researcher
Emic: I'm apart of a group, but the group doesn't know I'm researching
Procedure for Selecting Stats
Choose your test
Parametric or non-parametric?
non: not normal, parametric: normal distribution
Draw diagrams for the questions
Identify the nature of the variables
IV or DV? What are they and how many of each?
Find the scales and variables that will give me the answer
What questions do I want to address?
Single Subject Design
DV needs to be well defined and something that ideally can be measured daily
Best way: Start with Baseline, add intervention, and end with baseline.
The goal is to test intervention without a control group, focusing on a single person or family
Internal Validity: Confidence that IV caused change to DV
External Validity: Ability to generalize your findings
does not equal correlation!
Non Probability Sampling
deviant case sampling
Systematic Random Samping
Consider the reliability and validity
Random error: jargon; cumbersome and complex. An example would be the MMPI
Systematic error: social desirability bias
Abstracts in Research Papers
Structure: objective: methods: results: conclusions:
needs to be a good summary, accurate, concise, readable and nonevaluative
most important paragraph in the essay; it will influence a reader deciding to read the essay or not
ALWAYS WRITTEN LAST
has a true 0
Kinds of Studies
How it can be measured, ask questions and measure severity
SW's use this the most, relies on experiments
explaining the "why"
more specifics, can follow exploratory study, after we explore we want to understand in greater depth
early study, exploration of the topic, gather a lot of data to begin to understand the topic
Formulating a Good Question
Is it? Narrow and Specific, feasible, answerable through observable evidence, relevant, significant to the field
Phases of Research Process
Formulate Problem 2. Design Study 3. Collect Data 4. Process Data 5. Analyze Data 6. Interpret Findings 7. Share results