Medieval Europe: Poster Notes (Geography of Europe (Central Europe is a…
Medieval Europe: Poster Notes
Geography of Europe
Central Europe is a forest land which provided wood and bark from trees to build various things.
There are also waterways like rivers such as Danube and the Rhine which provide trade.
Europe is home to Alps which is a huge mountain range which provided a barrier.
Churches were built by Saxon laborers, who used chisels and axes
Vatican city is located in the middle of Italy where the Pope lives.
Catholicism Is the belief that God sent his son Jesus to die on a cross so all sins would be forgiven.
The Black Death was spread from the plague bacteria that rats had in there blood.
The Black Death was called that because of the black spots that people would get on their skin.
There were not enough peasants to get food because they were dying of the Black Death.
Kings and Queens were at the top of the Feudalism chart in their civilization.
Nobles were second to top on the scale. They were mounted warriors who fought for the king and queens
Knights were third on the chart. They were warriors who fought against clans who tried to get to the King and Queen
Before the reconquest In 1469 Princess Isabella of Castille and Prince Ferdinad of Argon got married.
They married for Spain to be taken back from the Christians.
Christians attempted to control Moors who wanted to take over Europe.
Democracy is a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting. It is used today like when deciding presidents.
The Magna Carta is a document that contained 63 clauses that set limitations on taxes and gave the people more rights
On June 15 1215 Barons and Lords confronted King John and forced him to agree to the Magna Carta.
Spread Of Christianity
Since there was no school’s back then children were taught by priests
Monasteries were buildings that can be made up of several different buildings where Monks and Nuns lived and prayed.
Monasteries were first invented in the 5th century.
Pope Vs. King
Both the Pope and King went into a feud for power from the people of Europe.
The Kings tried to pick the Bishops for the Churches but it was under the Pope’s decision so they went into a feud.
As Rome fell everyone tried to reach the Pope for guidance, so the Pope had more power than the kings.
Pope Urban II Persuaded people through speeches to think that the Muslims were bad
The first crusade led to the second crusade because the muslims wanted revenge against the Pope.
The second crusade was started because of the Muslims retaliating against the pope.