Medieval Europe Poster Notes By: Emma Gilner (Crusades (The main crusades…
Medieval Europe Poster Notes
By: Emma Gilner
The main crusades took place over 200 years.
In 1291 the Christians officially lost control of the holy land and Muslims took over.
The first crusades had about 30,000 soldiers from Europe but the Christians still won.
There was a children's crusade taught by kids. however they didn't make it to the holy land
There were 4 social classes. It went in order from Kings and Queens first, Nobles second, Knights third, and Peasants and serfs last.
Kings and queens where always on the top of the chart and were their civilizations rulers.
Serfs were in charge of the land wall being and the crops being grown correctly. They were considered slaves and are the lowest on the chart. The peasants where still not paid for there work but they were more respected.
Pope VS. King
The king had power to chose the next king.
Pope Gregory VII didn't want the king to be able to appoint church officials.
The Pope had the power to excommunicate the king. He also had power to dethrone the king from his power.
King Henry IV was excommunicated from the church and to go to hell because he was arguing with the Pope.
Spread of Christianity
There are three different types of monasteries. They are eremitic, cenobitic, and the skete.. The purpose of these places where nuns and priests could go to to only focus on there worship and praying.
A monastery is a building that can have several different buildings where monks or nuns lived and worked. These homes either housed them living with several people or alone.
Children were taught in churches my priests and those children were nobles children. This was where these children went to school.
They forced king John to sign the Magna Carta so that they would have more rights. A huge group of people surrounded him and threatened to over through him if he didn't sign the document.
In medieval Europe the law used to be that if you were accused of committing a crime you would hold a hot metal rode. If you healed in three days after you had been burned you would be innocent. If your burn didn't heal in three days you would be guilty.
The Magna Carta was a document that contained 63 clauses and King John was forced to sign it.
Democracy is when the people rule and there is sometimes a group that has a higher power but usually the whole population rules the government.
The black death started incentral Asia and ended in Europe in 1348. The symtoms of the plague were black spots, high fever, abdominal pain, and chills.
1/3 of the population in Europe died after the plequ. Also the peassent all ate the food so there was less food.
It spread from a backteria that rats had in their blood. Then the fleas bit them and consumed the bacteria. This then multipliedin ther abdomins. Then the fles bit the humans and gave them the disease.
The Spanish Inquisition ended in 1808 when napoleon conquered Spain. They ordered for the inquisition to be demolished. After the Spain defeat in 1814 Ferdinad VII worked to receive Inquisition but failed. He then rebelled against France.
When the Christians were in power your only option was to convert if you didn't they would torture you until you did what you said. This caused many deaths and the church would throw you in dungeons.
Before the reconquest happened in 1469, princess Isabella and prince Ferdinad got married so they could join hands when they became king and queen of Spain. They only got married to take back Spain from the Christians. Then that forced Muslims to either leave or convert.
Geography of Europe
Europe gets approximately 106 rainy days per year and the highest surface wind speed recorded in Europe is 231 mph, which is the second highest wind speed in the world.
They had 4 rivers and 3 sea's which defines Europe as a peninsula.
Europe was the central point of two of the biggest wars in modern history and 39% of medieval Europe was used for agriculture.
The learning groups were called guilds and they were small groups of people.
They believed is that God sent his son, Jesus to die on the cross so that all sins could be forgiven. They also believe that anyone who believes in him will have eternal life in heaven.
The Pope was believed to be God's representative on earth.
The churches had many different art forms to decorate it. There was stain glass, paint , and the overall architectural design. When there was a circle around someones head on a mural it meant that they were holy.